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How do I do a SELECT * INTO [temp table] FROM [stored procedure]? Not FROM [Table] and without defining [temp table]?

Select all data from BusinessLine into tmpBusLine works fine.

select *
into tmpBusLine
from BusinessLine

I am trying the same, but using a stored procedure that returns data, is not quite the same.

select *
into tmpBusLine
from
exec getBusinessLineHistory '16 Mar 2009'

Output message:

Msg 156, Level 15, State 1, Line 2 Incorrect syntax near the keyword 'exec'.

I have read several examples of creating a temporary table with the same structure as the output stored procedure, which works fine, but it would be nice to not supply any columns.


23 answers in total

507
Aaron Alton Posted at 2009-08-04 15:27:34Z

You can use OPENROWSET for this. Have a look. I've also included the sp_configure code to enable Ad Hoc Distributed Queries, in case it isn't already enabled.

CREATE PROC getBusinessLineHistory
AS
BEGIN
    SELECT * FROM sys.databases
END
GO

sp_configure 'Show Advanced Options', 1
GO
RECONFIGURE
GO
sp_configure 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries', 1
GO
RECONFIGURE
GO

SELECT * INTO #MyTempTable FROM OPENROWSET('SQLNCLI', 'Server=(local)\SQL2008;Trusted_Connection=yes;',
     'EXEC getBusinessLineHistory')

SELECT * FROM #MyTempTable
396
Gavin Posted at 2009-03-17 14:08:11Z

If you want to do it without first declaring the temporary table, you could try creating a user-defined function rather than a stored procedure and make that user-defined function return a table. Alternativly, if you want to use the stored procedure, try something like this:

CREATE TABLE #tmpBus
(
   COL1 INT,
   COL2 INT
)

INSERT INTO #tmpBus
Exec SpGetRecords 'Params'
231
Matt Hamilton Posted at 2009-03-17 10:50:17Z

In SQL Server 2005 you can use INSERT INTO ... EXEC to insert the result of a stored procedure into a table. From MSDN's INSERT documentation (for SQL Server 2000, in fact):

--INSERT...EXECUTE procedure example
INSERT author_sales EXECUTE get_author_sales
138
Christian Loris Posted at 2009-08-04 17:11:38Z

This is an answer to a slightly modified version of your question. If you can abandon the use of a stored procedure for a user defined function, you can use an inline table-value user-defined function. This is essentially a stored procedure (will take parameters) that returns a table as a result set; and therefore will place nicely with an INTO statement.

Here's a good quick article on it and other user defiend functions. If you still have a driving need for a stored procedure, you can wrap the inline table-value user-defined function with a stored procedure. The stored procedure just passes parameters when it calls select * from the inline table-value user-defined function.

So for instance, you'd have a inline table-value user-defined function to get a list of customers for a particular region:

CREATE FUNCTION CustomersByRegion 
(  
    @RegionID int  
)
RETURNS TABLE 
AS
RETURN 
  SELECT *
  FROM customers
  WHERE RegionID = @RegionID
GO

You can then call this function to get what your results a such:

SELECT * FROM CustomersbyRegion(1)

Or to do a SELECT INTO:

SELECT * INTO CustList FROM CustomersbyRegion(1)

If you still need a stored procedure, then wrap the function as such:

CREATE PROCEDURE uspCustomersByRegion 
(  
    @regionID int  
)
AS
BEGIN
     SELECT * FROM CustomersbyRegion(@regionID);
END
GO

I think this is the most 'hack-less' method to obtain the desired results. It uses the existing features as they were intended to be used without additional complications. By nesting the inline table-value user-defined function in the stored procedure, you have access to the functionality in two ways. Plus! You have only one point of maintenance for the actual SQL code.

The use of OPENROWSET has been suggested, but this is not what the OPENROWSET function was intended to be used for (From Books Online):

Includes all connection information that is required to access remote data from an OLE DB data source. This method is an alternative to accessing tables in a linked server and is a one-time, ad hoc method of connecting and accessing remote data by using OLE DB. For more frequent references to OLE DB data sources, use linked servers instead.

Using OPENROWSET will get the job done, but it will incur some additional overhead for opening up local connections and marshalling data. It also requires an ad hoc query permission which may not be desired. Also, the OPENROWSET approach will preclude the use of stored procedures returning more than one result set. Wrapping multiple inline table-value user-defined functions in a single stored procedure can achieve this.

83
Quassnoi Posted at 2009-03-17 10:50:44Z
SELECT  *
INTO    #tmpTable
FROM    OPENQUERY(YOURSERVERNAME, 'EXEC test.dbo.prc_test 1')
67
dotjoe Posted at 2009-03-17 14:06:03Z

When the stored procedure returns a lot of columns and you do not want to manually "create" a temporary table to hold the result, I've found the easiest way is to go into the stored procedure and add an "into" clause on the last select statement and add 1=0 to the where clause.

Run the stored procedure once and go back and remove the SQL code you just added. Now, you'll have an empty table matching the stored procedure's result. You could either "script table as create" for a temporary table or simply insert directly into that table.

42
nitin Posted at 2011-03-24 07:15:08Z
declare @temp table
(
    name varchar(255),
    field varchar(255),
    filename varchar(255),
    filegroup varchar(255),
    size varchar(255),
    maxsize varchar(255),
    growth varchar(255),
    usage varchar(255)
);
INSERT @temp  Exec sp_helpfile;
select * from @temp;
35
Tigerjz32 Posted at 2015-03-13 19:38:34Z

Easiest Solution:

CREATE TABLE #temp (...);

INSERT INTO #temp
EXEC [sproc];

If you don't know the schema then you can do the following. Please note that there are sever security risks in this method.

SELECT * 
INTO #temp
FROM OPENROWSET('SQLNCLI', 
                'Server=localhost;Trusted_Connection=yes;', 
                'EXEC [db].[schema].[sproc]')
32
Rashmi Pandit Posted at 2009-08-06 07:28:23Z

Does your stored procedure only retrieve the data or modify it too? If it's used only for retrieving, you can convert the stored procedure into a function and use the Common Table Expressions (CTEs) without having to declare it, as follows:

with temp as (
    select * from dbo.fnFunctionName(10, 20)
)
select col1, col2 from temp

However, whatever needs to be retrieved from the CTE should be used in one statement only. You cannot do a with temp as ... and try to use it after a couple of lines of SQL. You can have multiple CTEs in one statement for more complex queries.

For example,

with temp1020 as (
    select id from dbo.fnFunctionName(10, 20)
),
temp2030 as (
    select id from dbo.fnFunctionName(20, 30)
)
select * from temp1020 
where id not in (select id from temp2030)
32
FistOfFury Posted at 2012-07-31 17:09:22Z

If the results table of your stored proc is too complicated to type out the "create table" statement by hand, and you can't use OPENQUERY OR OPENROWSET, you can use sp_help to generate the list of columns and data types for you. Once you have the list of columns, it's just a matter of formatting it to suit your needs.

Step 1: Add "into #temp" to the output query (e.g. "select [...] into #temp from [...]").

The easiest way is to edit the output query in the proc directly. if you can't change the stored proc, you can copy the contents into a new query window and modify the query there.

Step 2: Run sp_help on the temp table. (e.g. "exec tempdb..sp_help #temp")

After creating the temp table, run sp_help on the temp table to get a list of the columns and data types including the size of varchar fields.

Step 3: Copy the data columns & types into a create table statement

I have an Excel sheet that I use to format the output of sp_help into a "create table" statement. You don't need anything that fancy, just copy and paste into your SQL editor. Use the column names, sizes, and types to construct a "Create table #x [...]" or "declare @x table [...]" statement which you can use to INSERT the results of the stored procedure.

Step 4: Insert into the newly created table

Now you'll have a query that's like the other solutions described in this thread.

DECLARE @t TABLE 
(
   --these columns were copied from sp_help
   COL1 INT,
   COL2 INT   
)

INSERT INTO @t 
Exec spMyProc 

This technique can also be used to convert a temp table (#temp) to a table variable (@temp). While this may be more steps than just writing the create table statement yourself, it prevents manual error such as typos and data type mismatches in large processes. Debugging a typo can take more time than writing the query in the first place.

22
Doug Lubey of Louisiana Posted at 2010-02-11 19:39:46Z

Quassnoi put me most of the way there, but one thing was missing:

****I needed to use parameters in the stored procedure.****

And OPENQUERY does not allow for this to happen:

So I found a way to work the system and also not have to make the table definition so rigid, and redefine it inside another stored procedure (and of course take the chance it may break)!

Yes, you can dynamically create the table definition returned from the stored procedure by using the OPENQUERY statement with bogus varaiables (as long the NO RESULT SET returns the same number of fields and in the same position as a dataset with good data).

Once the table is created, you can use exec stored procedure into the temporary table all day long.


And to note (as indicated above) you must enable data access,

EXEC sp_serveroption 'MYSERVERNAME', 'DATA ACCESS', TRUE

Code:

declare @locCompanyId varchar(8)
declare @locDateOne datetime
declare @locDateTwo datetime

set @locDateOne = '2/11/2010'
set @locDateTwo = getdate()

--Build temporary table (based on bogus variable values)
--because we just want the table definition and
--since openquery does not allow variable definitions...
--I am going to use bogus variables to get the table defintion.

select * into #tempCoAttendanceRpt20100211
FROM OPENQUERY(DBASESERVER,
  'EXEC DATABASE.dbo.Proc_MyStoredProc 1,"2/1/2010","2/15/2010 3:00 pm"')

set @locCompanyId = '7753231'

insert into #tempCoAttendanceRpt20100211
EXEC DATABASE.dbo.Proc_MyStoredProc @locCompanyId,@locDateOne,@locDateTwo

set @locCompanyId = '9872231'

insert into #tempCoAttendanceRpt20100211
EXEC DATABASE.dbo.Proc_MyStoredProc @locCompanyId,@locDateOne,@locDateTwo

select * from #tempCoAttendanceRpt20100211
drop table #tempCoAttendanceRpt20100211

Thanks for the information which was provided originally... Yes, finally I do not have to create all these bogus (strict) table defintions when using data from another stored procedure or database, and yes you can use parameters too.

Search reference tags:

  • SQL 2005 stored procedure into temp table

  • openquery with stored procedure and variables 2005

  • openquery with variables

  • execute stored procedure into temp table

Update: this will not work with temporary tables so I had to resort to manually creating the temporary table.

Bummer notice: this will not work with temporary tables, http://www.sommarskog.se/share_data.html#OPENQUERY

Reference: The next thing is to define LOCALSERVER. It may look like a keyword in the example, but it is in fact only a name. This is how you do it:

sp_addlinkedserver @server = 'LOCALSERVER',  @srvproduct = '',
                   @provider = 'SQLOLEDB', @datasrc = @@servername

To create a linked server, you must have the permission ALTER ANY SERVER, or be a member of any of the fixed server roles sysadmin or setupadmin.

OPENQUERY opens a new connection to SQL Server. This has some implications:

The procedure that you call with OPENQUERY cannot refer temporary tables created in the current connection.

The new connection has its own default database (defined with sp_addlinkedserver, default is master), so all object specification must include a database name.

If you have an open transaction and are holding locks when you call OPENQUERY, the called procedure can not access what you lock. That is, if you are not careful you will block yourself.

Connecting is not for free, so there is a performance penalty.

14
briantyler Posted at 2011-09-26 16:04:54Z

This stored proc does the job:

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[ExecIntoTable]
(
    @tableName          NVARCHAR(256),
    @storedProcWithParameters   NVARCHAR(MAX)
)
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @driver         VARCHAR(10)
    DECLARE @connectionString   NVARCHAR(600)
    DECLARE @sql            NVARCHAR(MAX)
    DECLARE @rowsetSql      NVARCHAR(MAX)

    SET @driver = '''SQLNCLI'''

    SET @connectionString = 
        '''server=' + 
            CAST(SERVERPROPERTY('ServerName') AS NVARCHAR(256)) + 
            COALESCE('\' + CAST(SERVERPROPERTY('InstanceName') AS NVARCHAR(256)), '') + 
        ';trusted_connection=yes'''

    SET @rowsetSql = '''EXEC ' + REPLACE(@storedProcWithParameters, '''', '''''') + ''''

    SET @sql = '
SELECT
    *
INTO 
    ' + @tableName + ' 
FROM
    OPENROWSET(' + @driver + ',' + @connectionString + ',' + @rowsetSql + ')'

    EXEC (@sql)
END
GO

It's a slight rework of this: Insert stored procedure results into table so that it actually works.

If you want it to work with a temporary table then you will need to use a ##GLOBAL table and drop it afterwards.

14
StuartQ Posted at 2014-02-05 16:21:29Z

If the OPENROWSET is causing you issues, there is another way from 2012 onwards; make use of sys.dm_exec_describe_first_result_set_for_object, as mentioned here: Retrieve column names and types of a stored procedure?

First, create this stored procedure to generate the SQL for the temporary

CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.usp_GetStoredProcTableDefinition(
    @ProcedureName  nvarchar(128),
    @TableName      nvarchar(128),
    @SQL            nvarchar(max) OUTPUT
)
AS
SET @SQL = 'CREATE TABLE ' + @tableName + ' ('

SELECT @SQL = @SQL + '['+name +'] '+ system_type_name +''  + ','
        FROM sys.dm_exec_describe_first_result_set_for_object
        (
          OBJECT_ID(@ProcedureName), 
          NULL
        );

--Remove trailing comma
SET @SQL = SUBSTRING(@SQL,0,LEN(@SQL))    
SET @SQL =  @SQL +')'

To use the procedure, call it in the following way:

DECLARE     @SQL    NVARCHAR(MAX)

exec dbo.usp_GetStoredProcTableDefinition
    @ProcedureName='dbo.usp_YourProcedure',
    @TableName='##YourGlobalTempTable',@SQL = @SQL OUTPUT

INSERT INTO ##YourGlobalTempTable
EXEC    [dbo].usp_YourProcedure

select * from ##YourGlobalTempTable

Note that I'm using a global temporary table. That's because using EXEC to run the dynamic SQL creates its own session, so an ordinary temporary table would be out of scope to any subsequent code. If a global temporary table is a problem, you can use an ordinary temporary table, but any subsequent SQL would need to be dynamic, that is, also executed by the EXEC statement.

7
gotqn Posted at 2015-06-03 11:47:50Z

In order to insert the first record set of a stored procedure into a temporary table you need to know the following:

  1. only the first row set of the stored procedure can be inserted into a temporary table
  2. the stored procedure must not execute dynamic T-SQL statement (sp_executesql)
  3. you need to defined the structure of the temporary table first

The above may look as limitation, but IMHO it perfectly makes sense - if you are using sp_executesql you can once return two columns and once ten, and if you have multiple result sets, you cannot insert them in several tables as well - you can insert maximum in two table in one T-SQL statement (using OUTPUT clause and no triggers).

So, the issue is mainly how to define the temporary table structure before performing the EXEC ... INTO ... statement.

The first works with OBJECT_ID while the second and the third works with Ad-hoc queries as well. I prefer to use the DMV instead the sp as you can use CROSS APPLY and build the temporary table definitions for multiple procedures at the same time.

SELECT p.name, r.* 
FROM sys.procedures AS p
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_describe_first_result_set_for_object(p.object_id, 0) AS r;

Also, pay attention to the system_type_name field as it can be very useful. It stores the column complete definition. For, example:

smalldatetime
nvarchar(max)
uniqueidentifier
nvarchar(1000)
real
smalldatetime
decimal(18,2)

and you can use it directly in most of the cases to create the table definition.

So, I think in most of the cases (if the stored procedure match certain criteria) you can easily build a dynamic statements for solving such issues (create the temporary table, insert the stored procedure result in it, do what you need with the data).


Note, that the objects above fail to defined the first result set data in some cases like when dynamic T-SQL statements are executed or temporary tables are used in the stored procedure.

6
pierre Posted at 2009-08-11 12:46:05Z

Another method is to create a type and use PIPELINED to then pass back your object. This is limited to knowing the columns however. But it has the advantage of being able to do:

SELECT * 
FROM TABLE(CAST(f$my_functions('8028767') AS my_tab_type))
6
SoftwareARM Posted at 2011-03-10 18:30:05Z

Code

CREATE TABLE #T1
(
    col1 INT NOT NULL,
    col2 NCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
    col3 TEXT NOT NULL,
    col4 DATETIME NULL,
    col5 NCHAR(50) NULL,
    col6 CHAR(2) NULL,
    col6 NCHAR(100) NULL,
    col7 INT NULL,
    col8 NCHAR(50) NULL,
    col9 DATETIME NULL,
    col10 DATETIME NULL
)

DECLARE @Para1 int
DECLARE @Para2 varchar(32)
DECLARE @Para3 varchar(100)
DECLARE @Para4 varchar(15)
DECLARE @Para5 varchar (12)
DECLARE @Para6 varchar(1)
DECLARE @Para7 varchar(1)


SET @Para1 = 1025
SET @Para2 = N'6as54fsd56f46sd4f65sd'
SET @Para3 = N'XXXX\UserName'
SET @Para4 = N'127.0.0.1'
SET @Para5 = N'XXXXXXX'
SET @Para6 = N'X'
SET @Para7 = N'X'

INSERT INTO #T1
(
    col1,
    col2,
    col3,
    col4,
    col5,
    col6,
    col6,
    col7,
    col8,
    col9,
    col10,
)
EXEC [dbo].[usp_ProcedureName] @Para1, @Para2, @Para3, @Para4, @Para5, @Para6, @Para6

I hope this helps. Please qualify as appropriate.

4
kevchadders Posted at 2009-08-06 07:49:38Z

I found Passing Arrays/DataTables into Stored Procedures which might give you another idea on how you might go solving your problem.

The link suggests to use an Image type parameter to pass into the stored procedure. Then in the stored procedure, the image is transformed into a table variable containing the original data.

Maybe there is a way this can be used with a temporary table.

4
Devansh Posted at 2013-10-05 04:03:38Z
  1. I'm creating a table with the following schema and data.
  2. Create a stored procedure.
  3. Now I know what the result of my procedure is, so I am performing the following query.

    CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblTestingTree](
        [Id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
        [ParentId] [int] NULL,
        [IsLeft] [bit] NULL,
        [IsRight] [bit] NULL,
    CONSTRAINT [PK_tblTestingTree] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
    (
        [Id] ASC
    ) WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
    ) ON [PRIMARY]
    GO
    SET IDENTITY_INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ON
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (1, NULL, NULL, NULL)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (2, 1, 1, NULL)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (3, 1, NULL, 1)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (4, 2, 1, NULL)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (5, 2, NULL, 1)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (6, 3, 1, NULL)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (7, 3, NULL, 1)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (8, 4, 1, NULL)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (9, 4, NULL, 1)
    INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] ([Id], [ParentId], [IsLeft], [IsRight]) VALUES (10, 5, 1, NULL)
    SET IDENTITY_INSERT [dbo].[tblTestingTree] OFF
    
    create procedure GetDate
    as
    begin
        select Id,ParentId from tblTestingTree
    end
    
    create table tbltemp
    (
        id int,
        ParentId int
    )
    insert into tbltemp
    exec GetDate
    
    select * from tbltemp
    
4
ProblemSolver Posted at 2015-09-07 11:37:14Z

If the query doesn't contain parameter, use OpenQuery else use OpenRowset.

Basic thing would be to create schema as per stored procedure and insert into that table. e.g.:

DECLARE @abc TABLE(
                  RequisitionTypeSourceTypeID INT
                , RequisitionTypeID INT
                , RequisitionSourcingTypeID INT
                , AutoDistOverride INT
                , AllowManagerToWithdrawDistributedReq INT
                , ResumeRequired INT
                , WarnSupplierOnDNRReqSubmission  INT
                , MSPApprovalReqd INT
                , EnableMSPSupplierCounterOffer INT
                , RequireVendorToAcceptOffer INT
                , UseCertification INT
                , UseCompetency INT
                , RequireRequisitionTemplate INT
                , CreatedByID INT
                , CreatedDate DATE
                , ModifiedByID INT
                , ModifiedDate DATE
                , UseCandidateScheduledHours INT
                , WeekEndingDayOfWeekID INT
                , AllowAutoEnroll INT
                )
INSERT INTO @abc
EXEC [dbo].[usp_MySp] 726,3
SELECT * FROM @abc
4
Sandeep Gaadhe Posted at 2016-02-26 11:05:06Z

If you're lucky enough to have SQL 2012 or higher, you can use dm_exec_describe_first_result_set_for_object

I have just edited the sql provided by gotqn. Thanks gotqn.

This creates a global temp table with name same as procedure name. The temp table can later be used as required. Just don't forget to drop it before re-executing.

    declare @procname nvarchar(255) = 'myProcedure',
            @sql nvarchar(max) 

    set @sql = 'create table ##' + @procname + ' ('
    begin
            select      @sql = @sql + '[' + r.name + '] ' +  r.system_type_name + ','
            from        sys.procedures AS p
            cross apply sys.dm_exec_describe_first_result_set_for_object(p.object_id, 0) AS r
            where       p.name = 'myProcedure'

            set @sql = substring(@sql,1,len(@sql)-1) + ')'
            execute (@sql)
            execute('insert ##' + @procname + ' exec ' + @procname)
    end
3
zhongxiao37 Posted at 2014-08-18 09:11:12Z

I met the same problem and here is what I did for this from Paul's suggestion. The main part is here is to use NEWID() to avoid multiple users run the store procedures/scripts at the same time, the pain for global temporary table.

DECLARE @sql varchar(max) = '', 
@tmp_global_table varchar(255) = '##global_tmp_' + CONVERT(varchar(36), NEWID())
SET @sql = @sql + 'select * into [' + @tmp_global_table + '] from YOURTABLE'
EXEC(@sql)

EXEC('SELECT * FROM [' + @tmp_global_table + ']')
0
lakshmivisalij Posted at 2015-03-24 09:01:55Z

If you know the parameters that are being passed and if you don't have access to make sp_configure, then edit the stored procedure with these parameters and the same can be stored in a ##global table.

-7
Hlin Posted at 2014-08-19 19:12:14Z

I would do the following

  1. Create (convert SP to) a UDF (Table value UDF).

  2. select * into #tmpBusLine from dbo.UDF_getBusinessLineHistory '16 Mar 2009'

Answer this questsion